What is an Embankment Dam?

An Embankment Dam is a freshwater-retaining structure comprising excavated rock, soil, or a combination of rock and soil from nearby geological formations.  In fact, Embankment Dams are known as an “Earthfill Dam” when filled with soil, and a “Rockfill Dam” when filled with rocks. Earthfill Dams are most common. The materials are placed in lifts and compacted to form the main structural element. And the center of the dam must be impervious to be functional. The alternative types of dams are Concrete Gravity Dams, Concrete Arch Dams, and Concrete Slab & Buttress Dams.

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